Women and girls walk long distances to fetch firewood. Photo by Nelly Salvatore
The use of inefficient cookstoves and fuels for daily cooking and heating has become a global issue, affecting nearly three billion people worldwide. This dependence on solid fuel causes a wide range of environmental problems, such as deforestation, air pollution, and climate change.
The use of wood, charcoal, animal dung, and coal as fuel sources for cooking leads to environmental degradation, particularly in developing countries where charcoal is often the preferred fuel in urban or peri-urban areas.
The over-reliance on wood fuel for cooking puts significant pressure on local forests and natural resources, leading to mudslides, loss of watersheds, and desertification.
Unsustainable wood harvesting also contributes to deforestation, further reducing the carbon uptake by forests and leading to fewer greenhouse gas and black carbon emissions. This loss of forest canopy also leads to a reduction in local biodiversity and exacerbates the dwindling habitat of endangered species.
However, advanced cookstoves and low-emission fuels have been shown to reduce black carbon emissions by 50-90%, resulting in rapid climate response. Reductions in short-lived climate pollutants and long-lived greenhouse gases can increase the chances of limiting global temperature rise to below 2ºC, which is a crucial international goal for avoiding the most dangerous impacts of climate change.
At Green Lens Uganda, we recognize the urgent need to address these environmental challenges and promote sustainable practices. We are committed to advocating for the use of advanced cookstoves and low-emission fuels to reduce black carbon emissions and mitigate the impacts of climate change. By working together with local communities, government agencies, and other organizations, we can create positive change and build a more sustainable future for all.